ISSN:2320-9151 Impact Factor:3.5

Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020 Edition - IEEE-SEM Journal Publication

"The Stolen Body" by H.G Wells: Analysis of Inner ConflictPDF

Hastin Nanda Ria

This paper examines the inner conflict that happens in H.G Wells’s stories “The Stolen Body”, to pretend how Wells make the story more interesting by putting some conflict in the story. In collecting the data the writer using the textual method by reading a whole text of the story and making a quotation. The result of the analysis is: there are six parts of the story that shows the inner conflict that happens to the character in this story. There are show up in the first page of the story when Mr. Viencey thinks that Mr. Bessel has an extraordinary disorder, and the next at the time when Mr. Bessel was missing, when Mr. Viencey dreamed about Mr. Bessel, when Mr. Viencey found a fact that Mr. Bessel body was overtaken by evil spirit, and then when Mr. Bessel has been found but he still traumatized. Keywords: inner conflict, textual method, traumatize and H.G Wells’s tales

Riverbed water extraction and utilization of Rural Communities Kavre, NepalPDF

Pawan Thapa, Pradeep Sapkota Upadhyaya

“Agricultural field needs a proper amount of water, fertilizers, sunlight, temperature, and soil components. Irrigation and its different means are applied for the water supply in crops. During rainy season people use rainwater whereas in dry season explore a different alternative method to extract water. This case study Jhikhu river watershed assesses the measures adopted by local people in the dry season, for the purpose of collecting and pumping water in the agricultural land. 150 households through structured questionnaire collected primary data. From a socio-economic analysis, these alternative methods provide a framer option for increasing their productivity and income. One approach is taken for developing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI): the first approach the LVI was calculated as a composite index comprised of seven major components. It would be the framework for implementing sustainability programs and policies”.

Environment Profile of Turkey- A Case StudyPDF

Talal Ch

In this research paper, Turkey as one of the world leading player in the world is discussed regarding its pollution issues, their causes and Turkeys steps toward renewable energy.

Issues, Challenges, and Scope of Supply Chain Management in Fruits and Vegetables in PakistanPDF

Syed Ali Asim Rizvi, Dr.Muhammad Asim, Salman Manzoor

Pakistan is the leading producer of a large number of fruits and vegetables, but there is still a significant gap between market dynamics per capita due to huge loss in the post-harvest storing and handling of hazardous containers, shortage of temperature controlled equipment, inadequate cold chain systems in several parts of the country to maintain the products and significant factors. There are many challenges and issues to the whole supply chain of fruit and vegetables throughout Pakistan. To identify future problems and provide a way forward, the fruit and vegetable supply chain in Pakistan has to be analyzed. The purpose of the paper is, therefore, to address the scope and clarify the issues and challenges that are affecting the supply chain of fruit and vegetable sectors in Pakistan.


Afolabi Innocent Ariremako

ABSTRACT The focus of this paper is to give the semantic analysis of ‘word’ in language study. Here is a topic which encompasses three heterogeneous linguistic concepts of semantics, word and language. This paper gives a general highlight on these contents for the purpose of explanatory adequacy. Major focus will be on words in relation meaning and how this meaning relationship affects the study of language in one way or the other. It is noteworthy to mention that the above linguistic concepts are interwoven and the study of one will entail the others. We then study the problem associated with word meaning and how such problems enhance or inhibit the study of English language. Key Words: Semantic analysis, word, language study, explanation

Solar Energy in Pakistan: Benefits of developing standalone projects for the industrial sector in the country.PDF

Muhammad Asim (Author) & Supervisor Name : Dr. Muhammad Asim & Dr. Salman Manzoor

Abstract In the rising trend for alternative energy sources as the world shifts to renewable energy, solar has become the most prominent of them. Using solar energy in the industrial sector of Pakistan has been the focus of the current study. The industrial sector remains the largest consumer for electricity within Pakistan. Selecting a sample size of 115 employees for the questionnaire and 5 managers for interviews made it possible for the effective data collection. Using the SPSS reliability was tested for the data as well. Findings from the research have led to the belief that standalone solar projects in the industrial sector are the new trend and are yet to be accepted widely. Awareness for such standalone projects of solar energy is available throughout the industrial sector with both employees and managers aware of its benefits. Benefits are cost-effectiveness, lack of dependence on the national grid and increased access to the uninterrupted power supply.

Blockchain and its Impact on Health Services in Developing CountriesPDF

Mortada M. Salah Elden

Blockchain has the power to bring out a breakthrough in the healthcare ecosystem. Blockchain technology holds the ability to improve patient care quality in developing countries, by rebuilding the electronic relationship between society and the governmental institutions. Blockchain technology fights corruption and fraud in developing countries. However, reaching the people in remote areas in these countries. Blockchain technology help key stakeholders, such as doctors, pharmacists, and other healthcare providers to gain secure and faster access to electronic medical information. Blockchains are immutable and easily accessible from anywhere. On the other hand, prevent counterfeit drug producers, to access the market.

The Role of Cloud Computing to Improve Foreign Trade in Developing CountriesPDF

Mortada M. Salah Elden

This study aims to focus on the importance and role of cloud computing in improving the level of Foreign Trade, especially in developing countries. Cloud computing, its concept, features, benefits, and applicability in trade are clear. Simply, a cloud computing is a group of technical servers connected together, which are centrally managed through local information networks or the Internet. To reduce time, space, speed of data delivery. Cloud computing service provider has the Capability of providing large storage spaces for users. Developing countries are taking steps or considering policies towards boosting their domestic cloud computing industry.

Renewable energy for electricity production in Pakistan: The widespread acceptance of wind energyPDF

M.Zubair, Dr. M.Asim, Dr.Salman Manzoor

The research aims to have an insight into wind energy as a renewable source in the context of Pakistan and its electricity needs. It has pondered over the lack of technological advancement for electricity production in Pakistan by using wind energy. The research in this regard had acceptance of both quantitative and qualitative data to overcome the shortage of data existing in this regard. For the questionnaire survey conducted, a sample size of 125 employees from the energy sector was observed along with an interview of 5 managers being conducted. Results were first tested with PSS for the reliability and validity and correlation run to have an effective review for the data. Findings and conclusion suggest that surely the wind energy usage can allow Pakistan to overcome its energy deficient especially with electricity. Awareness, technology production and equipment like wind turbines all developed at a local scale can result in better chances for Pakistan to exploit wind energy.


Wajeeha Pirwani, Dr. Muhammad Asim, Salman Manzoor

The aim of the research is to identify and analyse how risk management and strategies in the construction projects of Pakistan can affect (either increase or decrease) the vulnerability rates of the project. Following objectives have been established for the current study. Since the main aim of this study is to analyse the vulnerability rates in construction projects due to the lack of risk management strategies, therefore, the researcher is interested in identifying the quantifiable facts and figures that can help to test the hypotheses statements made in this research. This implies that the current research is quantitative in nature, and thus, statistical tools and techniques are used in the current study. The current study undertakes the convenience sampling technique in order to select the respondents for research purposes. The survey respondents for this study are the managers of 10 leading construction firms of Pakistan, while a sample size of 300 was the initial estimate of the population. When the survey questionnaire was distributed, 282 valid responses have been gathered. The collected data from the survey method is then analysed via a statistical software named SPSS. Correlation, regression, reliability and descriptive tests have been applied whereas, regression test allows to tests the hypotheses statements. Findings of the research revealed that there is a significant impact of lack of risk management on the vulnerability rates in the context of construction projects of Pakistan. In this way, the null hypothesis of the study is rejected and the alternative hypothesis of the study is accepted.

The Practice of Assessment for Learning in Three Selected Primary Schools of Adigrat Woreda with Particular Reference to Grade 8 English Language TeachersPDF

Kifle Birhane Meresa

The principal intent of this study was to investigate the practice of assessment for learning in three selected primary schools of Adigrat woreda. Descriptive method was employed to assess what was actually happening in the classroom in the practice of assessment for learning. The participants of the study were 3 English teachers and 140 grade 8 students. Random sampling technique was employed to select the sample students. Besides, for teachers’ interview and class room observation available sampling technique was employed. This was because there were only three grade 8 English language teachers available in the school and all of them were involved in the study. To gather the necessary data, questionnaire, interviews and classroom observation were employed. The results were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. The finding of this study indicated that the teachers’ assessment practice was not intended to adjust and improve the students’ learning rather to decide their final achievement. Key terms: Assessment; Assessment for learning; Feedback; practice, English Language

Impact of Consumer Perception on Sales and Performance of Tyre Industry of PakistanPDF

Syed Muhammad Abbas Kazmi, Muhammad Asim, Salman Manzoor

The aim of doing this study is to find the impact of consumer perception on sales and performance of tyre industry in Pakistan. Consumer perception and buying behavior can affect the Sales and performance of any organization. Established brands and corporation can be the victim of negative impact of consumer perception. When it comes to the selection between the Locally Manufactured products with Imported Brands, consumer perception will severely impact the Sales and Performance of Locally Manufactured Products. Therefore, it is important to study the impact of consumer perception on sales and performance of tyre industry in Pakistan. Consumer perception can impact the sales and performance of tyre industry through many factors, but we will consider only few of them in this study. We have studied the impact of consumer perception due to Price, Branding, Brand Quality and Brand Reputation. Mostly consumer will focus one of these factors while purchasing tyres. Quantitative questionnaires will be conducted to collect the data for the impact of consumer perception. We have compared the consumer perception of made in Pakistan tyres with European, American, Korean and Chinese tyre. We also compared their Brand Reputation, Brand Quality, Branding and Price for Made in Pakistan Tyres with Made in Tyres of European, American, Korean, and China.



Carbon allocation in roots is a least understood phenomenon in Indian trees and requires an intensive research in to this area. This is extremely difficult to dig out the entire root architecture of any tree in its entirety therefore; it becomes tough to understand the Root-Shoot ratio of any tropical tree. This has been tried to understand the root carbon in thirteen species grown on the national highway Number-2 under varying diameter classes and it was found that root: shoot ratio values (R:S) have been different for different species. This has been seen that almost all the trees of higher diameter classes have a root-shoot ratio in and around a bracket of 0.3 or slightly more whereas the trees of lower diameter have a band of root-shoot ratio of 0.2 or slightly more. Generally speaking, when the dry weight of the root is comparatively higher than the shoot then the root shoot ratio will come to be larger than the otherwise scenario. There are five species namely, Mango, Jamun, Mahua, Peepal and Bargad which are found to have larger Root-shoot ratio (all the trees falling in higher diameter class) despite of the fact that these trees are extremely vulnerable to damage by the local population. There are three aberrations in case of Mahua and Peepal in the diameter class of 102 cm, 93 cm and 114 cm which is found to have the root-shoot ratio of 0.20441707, 0.20209747 and 0.22771092 respectively. The reasons may be numerous but on having inspected the study area their shoot parts were found to be extensively damaged and may be this is the reason why we have lesser weight of shoot system.

Assess Knowledge, Practice and Barriers in Immunization of Children under Five years of AgePDF

Chanda Riaz, Faiza Ashraf: BSN FA15-031, Farhat Gull: BSN FA15-008, Sidra Khalid: BSN FA15-01

Background In Pakistan, only 59-73% of children 12-23 months of age are fully immunized. (Owais et al., 2011) History shows different barriers of immunization act differently in various region of the world throughout the time. The objective of present study was to determine the knowledge, practices and barriers in immunization of children under five years of age. Material and Method A cross-sectional survey was conducted, utilizing convenient sampling strategy. All mothers with at least one child under 5 years were considered eligible. After obtaining verbal consent, the mother was interviewed to assess her knowledge and attitudes towards EPI vaccination. Infant's coverage status was verified by checking EPI card, checking BCG scar and inquiring verbally. A knowledge score was developed by summing all correct answers. Results Out of 66 participants surveyed, only 26 (39.4%) participants have sufficient knowledge and 40 (66.6%) participants have insufficient knowledge. Whereas talking about practice 23 (34.8%) participants have scored good practice and 43 (65.2%) participants have poor practice. Gender of the child, misconceptions, monthly income of parents and mother’s employment did not influence it. However, maternal education was significantly associated with the completion of child immunization, it is also believed that higher level of education, higher the proportion of children who were fully immunized. Educated mothers were more conscious about their children’s vaccination as compare to the uneducated mothers. Conclusion Just over half of the studied population has full immunization. Although childhood immunization practices and attitudes are satisfactory, majority do not have specific knowledge on vaccines and the duration of protection they offer. Socio-demographic factors had a significant influence on the immunization status. Hence, efforts should be focused on improving them also and there is a dire need to increase the disseminating the benefits of immunization and this should be a Community commitment.

Opportunities and Challenges of Women’s participation in decision making at local government administration: The Case of Debre-Tabor City Administration, South Gondar Zone, Ethiopia in the Post-2010 PeriodPDF

Agenagn Kebede Dagnaw

ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the study of opportunities and challenges of women’s participation in decision making. The purpose of the study is to examine challenges that women face in their decision making and reflect on the opportunities that are being undertaken by stake holders and the local government. A qualitative research method utilized in the study to get an in-depth understanding of the phenomenon. The researcher used case study research design which helps to deeply study a phenomenon. The researcher employed thematic analysis. This study used purposive and referral chain sampling techniques. The finding of the study is based on semi-structured-interviews and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Empirical data gathered through interviews and FGD in Debre Tabor City Administration. The research findings indicated that women faced a number of constraints to participate in the decision making of local government. These constraints were cultural beliefs, illiteracy and low level of education, economic and financial problems, religion, nature, homework, negative perception of the society, men oppression and chauvinism, lack of confidence and interest among women and weak bureaucracy. Within those challenges, there were opportunities which enabled and designed to maintain women toward the decision making participation. Those opportunities were international law and convention, constitutional and different legal orientation, packages, programs, policies and initiatives, different women’s governmental structure, education, training and awareness, preparation of periodical meeting, economic empowerment and the quota system. The study recommends the creation of an enabling environment for women’s decision making ability empowerment.


Kifle Birhane Meresa

The main objective of this study is to investigate the practice of teaching and learning pragmatics in English Language classroom with particular reference to grade 10 students of Agazi Secondary School. Descriptive method was employed to investigate what actually happens in the practice of teaching and learning pragmatics in English Language classroom. The participants of the study were 150 grade 10 students selected using simple random sampling technique and all the six English Language teachers teaching in grade 10 selected using comprehensive sampling techniques. Questionnaire, interview, classroom observation and textbook analysis were used to collect the data. The results were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively.


Authors: 1st Affiliation Abdur Rakib Nayeem, 2nd Affiliation Md Shahab Ali Raja, 3rd Affiliation Md. Rokebul Islam Shojib

In modern days banks are blending all the 4Ps of services marketing in their marketing activities to retain the existing customers as well as to attract potential ones as well. This study has put efforts to investigate the impact marketing mixes on customer perception towards modern and online banking in Bangladesh. The target population of the study was taken from the customers among all online banking services providing banks in Bangladesh. The sample size was 210 and convenience sampling method was applied to collect data from the respondents with a structured questionnaire. 5-point Likert Scale was used to develop the survey questionnaire. Multiple regression statistics was used to identify the relationship between the elements of services marketing mixes and customer perception. The result shows that price, promotion, people and physical evidence were found to be statistically significant with customer perception. Therefore, price, promotion, people and physical evidence have positive impact on perception of the customers of online banking service in Bangladesh.