ISSN:2320-9151 Impact Factor:3.5

Volume 12, Issue 5, May 2024 Edition - IEEE-SEM Journal Publication

The Plight of Women and Children amidst Conflict: A Critical AnalysisPDF

Akiah Precious Glay-Dormoh

In times of war, women and children often endure disproportionate suffering, yet their experiences remain marginalized in mainstream narratives. This study critically examines the multifaceted challenges faced by women in conflict zones, shedding light on their unique vulnerabilities and enduring impacts. Through a comprehensive review of the literature, empirical data, and case studies from diverse conflict regions, this study evaluates the effectiveness of current approaches to gender justice in the post-war period. The analysis revealed persistent challenges and shortcomings in achieving meaningful and sustainable outcomes for women and girls in post-conflict settings. Despite these efforts, there are notable gaps in addressing specific needs and concerns, highlighting the need for more nuanced and context-specific strategies. This paper underscores the importance of critically evaluating and reassessing current approaches to gender justice in post-war settings. This emphasizes the necessity for more inclusive and comprehensive strategies to address the multifaceted challenges faced by women and girls in the aftermath of conflict.

Culture of Peace and Non-Violence in Nigeria: The Role of Women and YouthsPDF

Mabel I. E. Evwierhoma

Abstract To understand the concept of peace or non-violence, it is crucial to probe what violence is, briefly recognize what denotes or connotes violence, and then the reverse standpoint of non- violence which is peace and the role of women and youths therein. Violence is a global pandemic that affects the core of human life and can be found in any ecosystem, where people interact. Nigeria as a nation of violent eruptions continued to suffer the repercussions of violence, from the 1967-1970 Nigeria-Biafra War, religious violence like the Kasuwa Magani experience in 1980, Ilorin in 1989 and Zango Kataf in 1992 among several violent conflicts (Kamal-deen, 2016). The recent EndSARS violent protests which spanned the Nigerian geo-political space retain the involvement of youths in the national peace agenda, especially the need to end police brutality or governance-sponsored violence (Uwazuruike, 2020). This paper uses the library research method which draws from written sources to focus on the concept of non-violence, its apologists and how the women and youths of Nigeria could be arrowheads of non-violence. The inclusion of internationally recognized agendas, conventions and policies is seen as imperative for violence to end. Again secrecy and silence which fuel violence should be addressed. Keywords: Peace, Violence, Non-Violence, Resolution 1325

Strategic Approaches to Contractors' Prequalification Governance Decision-MakingPDF

Mohammed Ali Almuhannadi, Ahmed Salem Ghareeb, & Altaiyb Omer Ahmed

The systematic literature review is based on an assessment of the strategic approaches influencing project governance decisions regarding contractor pre-qualification for construction undertakings. Contractor pre-qualification is a major strategic project governance decision-making process made by the clients and owners of construction projects to increase the chances of project success and mitigate risks related to contractor default. The methods for the systematic literature review have considered 45 articles in total published between 2014 and 2023, with the inclusion criteria solidifying the relevance and comprehensiveness of the findings. The PRISMA chart identifies the selection of the journal articles from a total pool of 245 articles due to their relevance and compliance with the inclusion criteria. The results of the review indicate risk assessment and performance determination as essential criteria for contractor prequalification, whereas the complexity of the project and its requirements define the use of the strategic selection approach. In conclusion, strategic approaches can be more effective when a multi-criteria decision-making approach is integrated for contractor prequalification to ensure the timely completion of the project within the predefined budget while maintaining the best health and safety records.

A Systematic Literature Review and Existing Challenges of Chatbot ModelsPDF

Faluyi Joshua Oluwadamilola

This paper presents a comprehensive review of the chatbot models and existing challenges of the models. Chatbot technology has transformed the way businesses and institutions interact with their customers due to its enhanced user engagement, 24/7 availability and data driven insight in decision making. The paper examines the historical development of chatbots, from their earliest days as simple text-based interfaces to their current advanced capabilities in natural language processing and artificial intelligence. The study also highlights the critical technological advancements that have driven the growth of the chatbot technology, such as AI and machine learning. Additionally, the paper provides an overview of the various chatbot platforms and frameworks that have emerged over time and their adoption. The review of the evolution of chatbot technology reveals the enormous potential of chatbots in revolutionizing customer and individual-institution interactions and providing new opportunities for businesses and institutions to enhance customer engagement and experience.